One of the painters that marked the past of the followings was Piet Mondrian (187 – 1944.) The Dutch, precursor of the neoplasticism –current that proposed an aesthetic based on the simplification of forms and the using of primary colors plus white and black–, propelled abstraction in painting. Avant-gardes as cubism had great influence in it. From there, he had the inspiration to reach his own aesthetic, which proposed elation of the essential through straight lines and basic colors.
The simplification of the reality. In simple words, that was one of the goals that Mondrian wanted to achieve in his work. This can be seen in “Composition,” one of the most iconic works of the artist. What the painter makes in this piece is to sketch some elements that stimulate the observer’s imagination.
In the canvas, the illusion of depth is limited to the minimum through the elimination of curves or diagonal lines, essentials in the generation of perspective. The balanced disposition of the elements makes it a harmonious composition. The use of colors is restricted to the first spectrum: red, yellow, and blue, which combined can create any pigment of the chromatic range. By its part, white and black are used to create diverse specialties in the canvas.
Line’s interaction, form’s dispositions, and color’s spread simulate New York’s streets, metropolis that obsessed Mondrian. Its chaos, its Jazz, its lights, and neon seem to find their pictorial simile in “Composition.”